If you would like to utilize subheadings (subtitles) in your research paper, it is a good idea to first check with your instructor to be 100% sure what subheading format he/she would like you to use. Utilizing a subheading format that your instructor doesn’t like will lose you points.
Depending on how long your paper is, you will need either one level subheadings or several levels subheadings
One Level Subheadings:
Format: centered, capitalize the first letter but not the whole subtitle.
MLA Format => Sample Subheadings
*Visit this full sample paper for ideas!
If your paper has subtitles under subtitles, checkout the format below. Be sure to check with your instructor first if he/she agrees with this format before you decide to use it.
|1||Boldface, flush left|
|2||Italicized, flush left|
|5||Underlined, flush left|
|Tips:||– Do not capitalize the whole subheadings. Capitalize the first important letters (Example: Limitations of the Study)- A subheading should always have at least two lines of text following it. If a subheading happens to fall at the bottom of a page, move to the next page and start the subheading at the top of the new page.|
– MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th Edition
– Writing the Research Paper, 7th Edition.
Menu: back to main mla format page
Last updated: 27 Feb. 2012
What separates the pros from the amateurs? Some would say the design, others, the marketing. While such elements are important, they’re not the fundamental part of what makes professional books stand out from the rest.
The difference, as you may have guessed, is in a book’s title and subtitle. From a promotional standpoint, these two elements stand as the most important part of a book’s presentation. Just think, the title is what shoppers notice first when browsing books in a bookstore. When googling a new study resource, the book title is what appears first on Amazon.
These are only a few of the hundreds of reasons why it’s essential to have the perfect title and subtitle. In this article, we will explore precisely this.
Find the Focus Topic
Before you begin the process of determining a title or subtitle, find the book’s focus. To discover this, consider your book’s overall message and what a reader can expect to take away from reading it. Here’s a list of questions to help the brainstorming process. Answer each one in one sentence:
- What is the main purpose of your book?
- What’s one thing a reader can expect to take away from your book’s message or story?
- Why should a reader buy your book?
- Who should buy your book?
- What is your book? (e.g. guide, story, novel, novella, memoir, testimony, etc.)
To help with this process, download these questions in a fillable Word document to keep your notes and brainstorm ideas:
Download a Focus Topic Worksheet
Start with the Subtitle
It may seem strange to craft a subtitle before a title, however the process of doing so directly aids in the creation of the title. As the “description” or modifier of the title, the subtitle better equips us for crafting a catchy title.
With the questions we’ve answered in the previous section, we can develop the subtitle. Look to your one-sentence answers and for the most compelling or unique parts of them. Place yourself in the shoes of your reader: which answers communicate the heart and soul of the book?
After reviewing and brainstorming your answers from the previous section, put your pen to the paper and write three to five subtitle options. Ensure that each proposed subtitle is clear and to-the-point. For example:
A Bad Subtitle
This subtitle is too vague and gives a reader no insight as to the book’s meaning or purpose.
A Journey of Hope
A Good Subtitle
Unlike the preceding subtitle, this wording is true to the book’s intention and offers readers a glimpse about how the content is delivered.
30 Ways to Kick Bad Eating Habits and Live Healthier Everyday
Craft a Compelling Title
After settling on a subtitle that is clear and descriptive, next comes the title. Because the bulk of explanation lies with the subtitle, titles can be short. For example, the subtitle listed in the previous section would not make a good title simply because of the amount of words.
The fewer words, the better. Especially with fiction, it’s not uncommon to have a title that’s a single word. As with any part of a book, all that matters is what fits the content best.
A Bad Title
This title is unnecessarily wordy. The less words the better and the more we can trim off the title the greater its effectiveness.
A Journey Through an Unknown Country
A Good Title
Again, the shorter the better. This title takes the idea above and brings it down to bite-size. We can depend on the subtitle to help clarify its meaning.
Keep in mind these are only rules of thumb. There are many titles (even best sellers) that break these rules. The key to crafting a title and subtitle that works well, is knowing when and how to break them.
As with an effective design, the title and subtitle are essential to a book’s marketing efforts. Without utilizing both to their fullest, we run the risk of boring, confusing, or misleading readers. If every sentence within a book requires attention, double the care is required to tell readers why they should give those sentences their attention.
What Do You Think?
In your experience with title and subtitle creation, what has worked best for you? Any tips or techniques we missed? Share your experiences in the comments.
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By Thomas McGee
Thomas is a Graphic Designer, Web Developer, and founder of Rightly Designed. For over a decade, he’s had the privilege of working with a wide variety of individuals and organizations, spanning from traditional publishing houses to numerous independent professionals.