Bibliography Method

  • 1

    Create a works cited page. Reserve a page at the end of your paper for the bibliography, referred to as "works cited" in MLA style. Write "Works Cited" at the top of the next page after the last page of your paper. This page should have the same header with your last name as the rest of your paper, and your page numbers should continue onto this page, too.[10]

  • 2

    Capitalize all words in titles except articles, prepositions, and conjunctions. You should capitalize every word in the title of your sources, except for words like “an,” “the,” and “of.” If you’re unsure how to capitalize your title, you can use online capitalization generators, like Title Capitalization, to check your titles.[11]

  • 3

    Double space your citations page. All of the pages of your MLA bibliography should be double spaced. You don’t need to put extra spaces between each source, as long as everything is double-spaced.[12]

  • 4

    Indent each successive line for the same source. If your source takes up more than one line, indent the each successive line 0.5 inches (1.25 cm). Once you begin a new source, go back to the original margin.[13]

  • 5

    List your sources alphabetically by author’s last name. After the author’s last name, you should list their full first name and their middle name or initial, if they have one listed on the source.[14]
    • You shouldn’t use an author’s title or degrees when listing their names in your bibliography. This is true even if they are listed that way on the source.
  • 6

    Cite books. Include the author's last name and first name, separated by a comma and ending with a period. Then the book title comes in italics with a period at the end of the title. The place of publication and the name of the publishing company are separated by a colon, and then a comma and the publication date.[15]
    • For example, a book citation might look like this: Butler, Olivia. Parable of the Flower. Sacramento: Seed Press, 1996.
  • 7

    Cite articles. Start with the last name and first name of the author, followed by a period. Then the title of the article should be in quotes, with a period after the title (but still inside the last quotation mark). The name of the periodical or book should follow in italics, followed by a comma and then volume and issue numbers and date of publication, all separated by commas. Finally, a colon separates the date of publication the title of the article, the title of the publication, the volume and issue number, the date, and the pages of the source.[16]
    • For example, an article published in a scholarly journal might look like this: Green, Marsha. "Life in Costa Rica." Science Magazine vol. 1, no. 4, Mar 2013: 1-2.
    • If you’re citing an article in a newspaper, you only need the name of the newspaper, followed by the date it was published, and the page number. A citation for that might look like this: Smith, Jennifer. “Tiny Tim Wins Award.” New York Times, 24 Dec 2017, p. A7.
  • 8

    Cite websites. Start with the author's last and first name (if available) followed by a period. Then the title of the article or project in quotes, followed by the title of the website in quotes. Both titles should end in periods. Then the date of publication and the name of the sponsoring institution comes in parentheses, separated by commas. Finally, the date of access and the full web address ends the citation.
    • For example, a website citation might look like this: Jong, June. "How to Write an Essay." Writing Portal. 2 Aug. 2012. University of California. 23 Feb. 2013. <>
    • Some websites, particularly academic ones, will have what’s called a DOI (digital object identifier). Write “doi:” in front of this number in place of the website’s url if a DOI is available.
  • 9

    Use reliable sources to look for the citations rules for other types of sources. There are a lot of different types of sources you can use in a research paper. Use a reliable source to look up those citation rules. You can actually purchase a copy of the MLA style guide, or you can use a website like Purdue’s OWL (online writing lab) to look up your sources.

  • English 669Dr. Morillo
    Bibliography and Methods of ResearchM or W 3:00-4:15 Tompkins G115
    Fall 2010Office=Tompkins 270; phone: 513-4080
    email =
    web page syllabus = 
    Office Hours: M W 10:00-12; T 10:30-12:00  and by appointment

    The course introduces you to the world of research; the current profession; your department and our research and writing expectations for you. Class lectures and discussions will include expanding domains of current research materials available in both print and electronic media; the variety of methods in current English studies; helping you become familiar with some of the intellectual endeavors that make up modern research in the humanities; beginning your own research and formal, professional oral and written presentation of your information.

    Learning Outcomes:

    • write MLA citation and bibliographic form correctly
    • formulate useful research questions in cogent writing
    • become conversant in some current methodologies and fields of research
    • prepare skills for a successful MA capstone project

    Required Print Texts @ NCSU Bookstore

    1)MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.Ed. Joseph Gibaldi et al.7th ed.New York: MLA, 2009.
    $22 new

    once you own this text you are granted access to the online support for it, including hundreds more practice examples of bibliography and citation. The URL is on the back of the book.
    Login to and follow the steps to activate your access. The site contains the complete book online, so you can always have the book available if you have a laptop.

    2)Introduction to Scholarship in Modern Languages and Literatures. Ed. David G. Nicholls. 3rd ed.New York: MLA, 2007.
    $25 new

    Course Requirements
    • attendance
    • written assignments: Assignments are due at the start of class, in class, printed out on paper.
    • participation

    Late assignments are accepted only one class late, and with penalty. Any assignments arriving later than that will not be accepted.

    How I Figure Your Grades

    You must complete all the required work to pass the class. No opting out of assigned work.  Each assignment is graded s/u (pass/fail), and so is the course.

    Expected participation: always come to class on time, with the appropriate texts, having read and thought about them enough to have something specific and intelligent to say or write about them.

    Attendance:  since the class meets only once a week, consistent attendance is critical. If you miss more than 3 classes without a suitably mature and serious excuse, you will not pass.

    Plagiarism: Anyone convicted will receive an F for the paper, or the course at my discretion. And yes, I have caught people in the past--in this course, in fact.

    Reasonable accommodations will be made for students with verifiable disabilities. In order to take advantage of available accommodations, students must register with Disability Services for Students at 1900 Student Health Center, Campus

                Box 7509, 515-7653.

    Academic Integrity Assumption
    Universities are unique communities committed to creating and transmitting knowledge. They depend on freedom - individuals' freedom to explore ideas and to explore and further their own capabilities. Those freedoms depend on the good will and responsible behavior of all the members of the community, who must treat each other with tolerance and respect. They must allow each other to develop the full range of their capabilities and take full advantage of the institution's resources.

    Online materials have made syllabi dynamic works in progress. If useful additional material comes to our attention later it can be added into the final column of the grid below.
    Readings listed for a given week shall be completed before you attend class that week; assignments are due in class your class day.

    Wk  Day/Date                         Assignments Due                In-Class Topics   /guests                                  other resources         
    W Aug. 18get required texts your interests & fellows
    M 23
    W 25
    Reading: Bruce Robbins "Epilogue: The Scholar in Society"  (312-30)
    Assignment ONE due (using MLA Handbook)
    English Studies today; discuss Robbins Overview of MLA Changes for 2009

    Text Format Basics in Word
    M 30
    W Sept. 1
    Readings: browse MLA Handbook Ch. 5 (123-212)
    Assignment TWO due (10 formats)  ANSWERS Key
     MLA form
    MLA online, Diss. & Theses Databases
     MLA Online
    M 6 no class
    W 8 both sections
    Readings: Susan Jarratt "Rhetoric" (73-102) and David Bartholomae "Composition" (103-125)
    Assignment THREE due (4 abstracts)
    Research in Rhetoric and Composition: guest, Dr. David Rieder NCSU Library Research Page for Rhetoric and Composition
    M 13
    W 15
    Assignment FOUR due (your abstract; 2 copies)
    peer review: abstracts workshop

    UNC Writing Center on Abstracts

    Writing an Academic Abstract

    Examples, successful abstracts

    Abstracts Better and Worse

    M 20 NO CLASS
    W 22 both sections

    Readings: explore Penn CFP
    Assignment FIVE due (citation practice)

    Assignment FIVE key

    abstracts in action: conference papers

    AEGS trip to UNC-Greensboro conference (9/25/10)

    contact Laura Waldrep if you'd like to go

    New Books on Literature

    M 27
    W 29
    Readings: NCSU faculty pubs
    Assignment SIX due (2 par reviews)
    student presentations, by author

    Reviewing with flair Scott, A. O. 'Sacre Bleu! Is this Movie Bad" (rev. of Paris 36)

    Currin, Grayson " 'A Hopeless Swarm of Bad Ideas'" (review of Ryan Adams' poetry)

    M Oct. 4
    W 6
    Assignment SEVEN  due(research proposal first draft)
    Peer review workshop on proposals;   
    Evaluation Rubric for Proposals
    Examples of Successful Research Proposals
    M 11
    W 13
    Readings: Donadey & Lionnet "Feminisms, Genders, Sexualities" (225-244)

    discuss Donadey & Lionnet; 3/section responsible for leading discussion


     M 18 both sections
    no class W 20

    Readings: tba
    Assignment EIGHT due (prop draft 2)
    Research for Teachers:  guest, Sonya Massengill, doctoral student in curriculum & instruction; high school teacher
     Print Reference Works
    M 25
    W 27
    Readings: McGann "Interpretation" (160-170) and Bernstein "Poetics" (126-142)
    discuss McGann & Bernstein; 3/section responsible for leading discussion of each  
    M Nov. 1
    W 3
    Assignment NINE due Friday, Nov. 5 (citation practice)
    electronic sources & citation; Google books  a real, professional call for research proposals
    M 8
    W 10
    Readings: Gallagher "Historical Scholarship" and Warren "Race and Ethnicity"
    discuss Gallagher (Historical) 3/section responsible for leading discussion of each, 3 respondents  
    M 15
    W 17
    work on proposals
    discuss Warren (Race& Ethnicity) 3 discussion leaders, same 3 respondentsEthnographic Methods ; Interviewing (Griffin, Research Methods for English Studies)
    M 22 both sections; no class W 24

    Readings: Orgeron & Orgeron, "Familial Pursuits, Editorial Acts: Documentaries After the Age of Home Video"

    Chaps. 2 and 3 in Film, a Critical Introduction (Pramaggiore & Wallis)

    Researchin film, guests: Drs. Marsha and Devin Orgeron
    M 29
    W 1
    Assignment TENdue (final prop due)
    what to do with an MA degree conferences & publication American Scholar Essay on Decline of the English Department 

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