Essay On The Effectiveness Of The Articles Of Confederation

Articles Of Confederation Dbq Essay

In order to support and protect their newly-won freedoms, the Second Continental Congress proposed an Article of Confederation in 1777 to the thirteen colonies, and it was ratified by March 1, 1781. It has been said that these Articles provided the United States with an effective government from the time of its ratification until 1789, upon which time the current Constitution was widely accepted. It can certainly be said that it provided an effective government in terms of territory, in the sense that it stabilized the northwest areas, if not the entire country. Others might argue that the Articles were lacking in the most basic constructs of a government: economy, military, and a respected political system.

During the time period in which the Articles were passed, most average citizens distrusted taxation and standing armies, due to the American Revolutionary war with Britain, and therefore the Continental Congress left such basic ideals out of the Articles. Had they included a monetary tax or any other policy despised by the people, the Continental Congress would have alienated and disjointed the delicate union. Thus, the Articles were unable to regulate trade or levy taxes, putting a literal dent in the economy. Such a lack of funds hindered growth, for the government was unable to properly purchase any type of necessary supplies, and it was unable to demand any help from singular states, relying on optional donations. Joseph Jones of Virginia commented such to George Washington in 1783, noting that "every class must know of the inability of Congress to pay their demands." As well as the inability to demand taxation, the Articles...

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The Articles of Confederation Essay examples

1612 Words7 Pages

The Continental Congress between the years of 1776 and 1777 decided that the way of living was not suitable. After all had decided they drafted together, what we call The Articles of Confederation; “the document that defined the colonies’ collective sovereignty; drafted by the Continental Congress between 1776 and 1777, then ratified by the thirteen states in 1781”(Schultz 115). There was experimentation that was being done in the states that didn’t affect The Articles of Confederation. There wasn’t much change, as it was about the same from the late 1770s. The Articles provided each state their independence and granting very minimal power to the main federal government.
Under the Articles of Confederation, there were powers strictly…show more content…

There were two main achievements, “ (I) the Articles established the United States as a government of law that placed limited on governments authority, and (2) the Articles created a national citizenship, which gave equal rights to qualifying members. There would be no titles or codification of classes in America” (Schultz 116). However, there were three main weaknesses that stood out. First, the inability to raise funds because the new nation was badly in debt and taxes couldn’t be levied because of the Articles of Confederation. This then made it hard to find a creditor, which then made it an immediate disaster and leaded to trouble for the new nation. Second, the need for unanimity to make changes was one of the weaknesses under the Articles. In 1781, a nation bank was asked to help the national debt and facilitate credit. Because of this, a system of reserves was created by the capitol. This then put a 5 percent tax on all imported goods. Each state had to approve of these happenings under the Articles of Confederation, unfortunately Rhode Island didn’t agree on this taxation. This then forced the bill to die, and the plans were unable to be cleared. The last weakness of the Articles was the lack of authority over international trade. The commerce between states suffered because there was no centralized authority. Each state had its own form of currency and taxes it was hard to trade goods over their state

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