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Inter Professional Healthcare Teams Essay
Inter-professional or multidisciplinary healthcare teams are groups of health
rofessionals from different disciplines collaborating to provide care to patients. Effectively coordinated and collaborative inter-professional teams are essential to the care and treatment of patients (Rowlands & Callen, 2013; Doyle, 2008; Ruhstaller, Roe, Thürlimann & Nicoll, 2006; Simpson & Patton, 2012, p. 300). Communication is a process of conferring information between individuals through use of speech, writing or various other means, and is critical to the success of a multidisciplinary team (MDT) (Higgs, McAllister & Sefton, 2012, p. 5; Rowlands & Callen, 2013; Sargeant, Loney & Murphy, 2008). An MDT must use multiple strategies to enhance communication and ensure their success (Doyle, 2008). An effective MDT generates opportunities that benefit healthcare, which is the reason for the recent dominance of inter-professional care in health practice (Simpson & Patton, 2012, p. 300; Rowlands & Callen, 2013). Many barriers prevent effective communication within inter-professional teams. Lack of communication within MDTs presents challenges to their success, leading to numerous consequences, including the failure of the MDT (London Deanery, 2012; Sargeant et al, 2008). Communication between professionals is the key factor underpinning the potential success or failure of inter-professional teams, the outcome of the functioning of MDTs will either benefit or impair care of patients.
Inter-professional teams require work and effort from all individuals to achieve
successful communication (Sargeant et al, 2008; London Deanery, 2012). The collaboration and degree of communication within an MDT directly influences the level of care given to patients (Ruhstaller et al, 2006). To optimise the level of communication within inter-professional teams, members should share common goals to work towards, and understand their individual roles within the team (Rowlands & Callen, 2013; Ruhstaller et al, 2006; Sargeant et al, 2008). MDTs should implement policies to promote regular collaboration and strategies that allow the group to communicate information to patients (Doyle, 2008). Inter-professional team meetings should be held regularly and should be attended by all individuals, and the minutes from the meeting should later be supplied to all members for reference (Doyle, 2008; Rowlands & Callen, 2013). Team meetings are fundamental for good communication, they provide the opportunity for networking to occur between professionals and for ideas to be shared and information to be formally discussed among the group, this type of communication is key to the team’s success (Rowlands & Callen, 2013; Doyle, 2008). Newsletters can also be used as a form of communication allowing professionals to share information and to liaise with patients (Doyle, 2008). Using a range of approaches to enhance communication within an MDT will result in the success of the team, and the success of the...
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